在Cisco路由器上配置OSPFv3路由协议

在Cisco路由器上配置OSPFv3路由协议

     下面我们将以Cisco路由器为例来演示如何配置IPv6下的OSPFv3路由协议,本次实验采用三台Router,router1.ipv6s.com与router2.ipv6s.com运行于骨干区域0,router2.ipv6s.com与router3.ipv6s.com运行于非骨干区域1,每台Router上均起一个Loopback1接口,发布至OSPFv3路由协议中。具体的组网图如下所示:

   

实验组网图与IPv6地址分配

    各设备的接口IPv6地址地址与接口编号请对照下图查看:

     

配置思路与流程说明:

  • 在每台设备上开启IPV6功能:ipv6 unicast-routing
  • 在每台设备上创建OSPFv3进程号100:ipv6 router  ospf   100
  • 为每台设备的OSPFv3进程配置唯一的router-id:router-id  1.1.1.1
              注意:此处的router-id与IPv4中的OSPF一样,仍未32位的IPv4地址形式,但仅标识ID,无IPv4中地址的意义
  • 在相应接口下开启IPv6:ipv6 enable,并配置IPv6地址:ipv6 address  1::1/128
  • 在相应的接口下使能OSPFv3路由协议,并配置该接口需加入的OSPFv3区域号:ipv6 ospf 100 area 0

router1.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router1.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router1.ipv6s.com>

router1.ipv6s.com>
enable

router1.ipv6s.com#
conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 router  ospf   100

router1.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#

*Aug 18 21:39:07.115: %OSPFv3-4-NORTRID: OSPFv3 process 100 could not pick a router-id,

please configure manually

router1.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
router-id  1.1.1.1

router1.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
exit

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:39:56.047: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:39:57.047: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address  1::1/128

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 ospf 100 area 0

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet 0/0

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 1002::1/64

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 ospf 100 area 0

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:41:12.455: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:41:13.455: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

router2.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router2.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router2.ipv6s.com>

router2.ipv6s.com>
enable

router2.ipv6s.com#
config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 router ospf 100

router2.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#

*Aug 18 21:42:10.639: %OSPFv3-4-NORTRID: OSPFv3 process 100 could not pick a router-id,

please configure manually

router2.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
router-id  2.2.2.2

router2.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:42:29.287: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 2::2/128

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 ospf 100 area 0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  0/0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 1002::2/64

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 ospf 100 area 0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:07.651: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:44:08.651: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:10.399: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 1.1.1.1 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  1/0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6  address 2003::1/64

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 ospf 100 area 1

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:58.571: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:44:59.571: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#

router3.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router3.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router3.ipv6s.com>

router3.ipv6s.com>
en

router3.ipv6s.com#
conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 router ospf 100

router3.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#

*Aug 18 21:46:09.083: %OSPFv3-4-NORTRID: OSPFv3 process 100 could not pick a router-id,

please configure manually

router3.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
router-id  3.3.3.3

router3.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:46:54.855: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:46:55.855: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 3::3/128

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 ospf 100 area 1

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  0/0

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 2003::2/64

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 ospf 100 area 1

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:48:03.763: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:48:04.763: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:48:06.731: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 2.2.2.2 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#^Z

router3.ipv6s.com#

查看各设备IPv6路由表与OSPFv3邻居状态

所有设备之间的OSPFv3已按照组网图配置完毕,我们可以在router1.ipv6s.com上查看OSPFv3邻居,

并查看IPv6路由表,也能学到router2.ipv6s.com与router3.ipv6s.com上面的loopback接口,

ping  router2.ipv6s.com与router3.ipv6s.com上面的loopback接口ipv6地址,均能正常通讯

router1.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6  ospf neighbor

Neighbor ID     Pri   State           Dead Time   Interface ID    Interface

2.2.2.2           1   FULL/BDR        00:00:37    4               GigabitEthernet0/0

router1.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

LC  1::1/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

O   2::2/128 [110/1]

     via FE80::C806:FFF:FE3C:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

OI  3::3/128 [110/2]

     via FE80::C806:FFF:FE3C:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

C   1002::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   1002::1/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

OI  2003::/64 [110/2]

     via FE80::C806:FFF:FE3C:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router1.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 2::2

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2::2, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/105/296 ms

router1.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 3::3

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 3::3, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 96/143/176 ms

router1.ipv6s.com#

查看router2上面的OSPFv3邻居状态:

router2.ipv6s.com#

router2.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 ospf neighbor

Neighbor ID     Pri   State           Dead Time   Interface ID    Interface

1.1.1.1           1   FULL/DR         00:00:38    4               GigabitEthernet0/0

3.3.3.3           1   FULL/BDR        00:00:33    4               GigabitEthernet1/0

router2.ipv6s.com#

查看router3上面的OSPFv3邻居状态与IPv6路由表:

router3.ipv6s.com#

router3.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 ospf neighbor

Neighbor ID     Pri   State           Dead Time   Interface ID    Interface

2.2.2.2           1   FULL/DR         00:00:37    5               GigabitEthernet0/0

router3.ipv6s.com#

router3.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

OI  1::1/128 [110/2]

     via FE80::C806:FFF:FE3C:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

OI  2::2/128 [110/1]

     via FE80::C806:FFF:FE3C:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

LC  3::3/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

OI  1002::/64 [110/2]

     via FE80::C806:FFF:FE3C:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

C   2003::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   2003::2/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router3.ipv6s.com#

本篇为基本配置篇,已熟悉的朋友可以参考进阶篇:


在Cisco路由器上配置OSPFv3路由协议(进阶篇)

原创文章,作者:admin,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.ipv6s.com/basis/routing/20100818507.html

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