在Cisco路由器上配置RIPng路由协议

在Cisco路由器上配置RIPng路由协议

     下面我们将以Cisco路由器为例来演示如何配置IPv6下的RIPng路由协议,本次实验采用三台Router,router1.ipv6s.com、router2.ipv6s.com、router3.ipv6s.com均运行RIPng路由协议,每台Router上均起一个Loopback1接口,发布至RIPng路由协议中。具体的组网图如下所示:

   

实验组网图与IPv6地址分配

    各设备的接口IPv6地址地址与接口编号请对照下图查看:

   

配置思路与流程说明:

  • 在每台设备上开启IPV6功能:ipv6 unicast-routing
  • 在每台设备上创建RIPng进程号100:ipv6 router  rip   100
  • 在相应接口下开启IPv6:ipv6 enable,并配置IPv6地址:ipv6 address  1::1/128
  • 在相应的接口下使能RIPng路由协议:ipv6 rip 100 enable

router1.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router1.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router1.ipv6s.com>

router1.ipv6s.com>
enable

router1.ipv6s.com#
conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 router rip  100

router1.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
exit

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:39:56.047: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:39:57.047: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address  1::1/128

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 rip 100 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet 0/0

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 1002::1/64

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 rip 100 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:41:12.455: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:41:13.455: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

router2.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router2.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router2.ipv6s.com>

router2.ipv6s.com>
enable

router2.ipv6s.com#
config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 router rip  100

router2.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:42:29.287: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 2::2/128

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 rip 100 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  0/0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 1002::2/64

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 rip 100 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:07.651: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:44:08.651: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:10.399: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 1.1.1.1 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  1/0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6  address 2003::1/64

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 rip 100 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:58.571: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:44:59.571: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#

router3.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router3.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router3.ipv6s.com>

router3.ipv6s.com>
en

router3.ipv6s.com#
conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 router rip  100

router3.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:46:54.855: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:46:55.855: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 3::3/128

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 rip 100 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  0/0

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 2003::2/64

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6  rip 100 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:48:03.763: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:48:04.763: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:48:06.731: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 2.2.2.2 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#^Z

router3.ipv6s.com#

查看各设备IPv6路由表与RIPng的database

所有设备之间的RIPng路由协议已按照组网图配置完毕,我们可以在router1.ipv6s.com上查看RIPng的database,

并查看IPv6路由表,也能学到router2.ipv6s.com与router3.ipv6s.com上面的loopback接口,

ping  router3.ipv6s.com上面的loopback接口ipv6地址,均能正常通讯

router1.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 rip database

RIP process “100”, local RIB

2::2/128, metric 2, installed

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs

3::3/128, metric 3, installed

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs

1002::/64, metric 2

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs

2003::/64, metric 2, installed

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs

router1.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

LC  1::1/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

R   2::2/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

R   3::3/128 [120/3]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

C   1002::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   1002::1/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

R   2003::/64 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router1.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route rip

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

R   2::2/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

R   3::3/128 [120/3]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

R   2003::/64 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

router1.ipv6s.com#

router1.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 3::3

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 3::3, timeout is 2 seconds:

.!!!!

Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 272/508/852 ms

router1.ipv6s.com#

查看router2.ipv6s.com上面的RIPng database与IPv6路由表:

router2.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 rip database

RIP process “100”, local RIB

1::1/128, metric 2, installed

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 166 secs

3::3/128, metric 2, installed

     GigabitEthernet1/0/FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, expires in 170 secs

1002::/64, metric 2

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 166 secs

2003::/64, metric 2

     GigabitEthernet1/0/FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, expires in 170 secs

router2.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 8 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

R   1::1/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

LC  2::2/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

R   3::3/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, GigabitEthernet1/0

C   1002::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   1002::2/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

C   2003::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet1/0, directly connected

L   2003::1/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet1/0, receive

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router2.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route rip

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 8 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

R   1::1/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0

R   3::3/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, GigabitEthernet1/0

router2.ipv6s.com#

查看router3.ipv6s.com上面的的RIPng database与IPv6路由表:

router3.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 rip database

RIP process “100”, local RIB

1::1/128, metric 3, installed

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs

2::2/128, metric 2, installed

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs

1002::/64, metric 2, installed

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs

2003::/64, metric 2

     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs

router3.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

R   1::1/128 [120/3]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

R   2::2/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

LC  3::3/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

R   1002::/64 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

C   2003::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   2003::2/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router3.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route rip

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 7 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

R   1::1/128 [120/3]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

R   2::2/128 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

R   1002::/64 [120/2]

     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0

router3.ipv6s.com#

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