在Cisco路由器上配置IPv6静态路由

在Cisco路由器上配置IPv6静态路由

     下面我们将以Cisco路由器为例来演示如何配置IPv6静态路由,本次实验采用三台Router,router1.ipv6s.com、router2.ipv6s.com、router3.ipv6s.com均配置IPv6静态路由,每台Router上均起一个Loopback1接口,通过配置静态路由保证三台路由器均可ping通所有设备上的loopback接口。在router1.ipv6s.com与router3.ipv6s.com这二台路由器中我们均只配置一条默认路由至router2.ipv6s.com的直连接口IPv6地址。具体的组网图如下所示:

   

实验组网图与IPv6地址分配

    各设备的接口IPv6地址地址与接口编号请对照下图查看:

  

配置思路与流程说明:

  • 在每台设备上开启IPV6功能:ipv6 unicast-routing
  • 在相应接口下开启IPv6并配置各接口IPv6地址:ipv6 enable,并配置IPv6地址:ipv6 address  1::1/128
  • 配置IPv6静态路由(::/0为默认路由):ipv6 route ::/0 1002::2

router1.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router1.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router1.ipv6s.com>

router1.ipv6s.com>
enable

router1.ipv6s.com#
conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:39:56.047: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:39:57.047: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address  1::1/128

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet 0/0

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 1002::1/64

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:41:12.455: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:41:13.455: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

router1.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 route ::/0 1002::2

router1.ipv6s.com(config)#
exit

router1.ipv6s.com#

router1.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 5 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

S   ::/0 [1/0]

     via 1002::2

LC  1::1/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

C   1002::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   1002::1/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router1.ipv6s.com#

router2.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router2.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router2.ipv6s.com>

router2.ipv6s.com>
enable

router2.ipv6s.com#
config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:42:29.287: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 2::2/128

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  0/0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 1002::2/64

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:07.651: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:44:08.651: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:10.399: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 1.1.1.1 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  1/0

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6  address 2003::1/64

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:44:58.571: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:44:59.571: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up

router2.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 route 1::1/128 1002::1

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 route 3::3/128 2003::2

router2.ipv6s.com(config)#
exit

router2.ipv6s.com#

router2.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 8 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

S   1::1/128 [1/0]

     via 1002::1

LC  2::2/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

S   3::3/128 [1/0]

     via 2003::2

C   1002::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   1002::2/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

C   2003::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet1/0, directly connected

L   2003::1/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet1/0, receive

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router2.ipv6s.com#

router3.ipv6s.com的配置步骤:

router3.ipv6s.com con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router3.ipv6s.com>

router3.ipv6s.com>
en

router3.ipv6s.com#
conf t

Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 unicast-routing

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 router rip  100

router3.ipv6s.com(config-rtr)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface loopback1

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:46:54.855: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:46:55.855: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 3::3/128

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 rip 100 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
interface gigabitEthernet  0/0

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6 address 2003::2/64

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
ipv6  rip 100 enable

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
no shutdown

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#

*Aug 18 21:48:03.763: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:48:04.763: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up

*Aug 18 21:48:06.731: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 2.2.2.2 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done

router3.ipv6s.com(config-if)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
ipv6 route ::/0 2003::1

router3.ipv6s.com(config)#
exit

router3.ipv6s.com#
show ipv6 route

IPv6 Routing Table – default – 5 entries

Codes: C – Connected, L – Local, S – Static, U – Per-user Static route

       B – BGP, M – MIPv6, R – RIP, I1 – ISIS L1

       I2 – ISIS L2, IA – ISIS interarea, IS – ISIS summary, D – EIGRP

       EX – EIGRP external, ND – Neighbor Discovery

       O – OSPF Intra, OI – OSPF Inter, OE1 – OSPF ext 1, OE2 – OSPF ext 2

       ON1 – OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 – OSPF NSSA ext 2

S   ::/0 [1/0]

     via 2003::1

LC  3::3/128 [0/0]

     via Loopback1, receive

C   2003::/64 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected

L   2003::2/128 [0/0]

     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive

L   FF00::/8 [0/0]

     via Null0, receive

router3.ipv6s.com#

在各台设备上ping其它设备接口IPv6地址

所有设备的IPv6静态路由已配置完毕,我们在各台设备上ping其它设备上的的loopback接口ipv6地址,均能正常通讯

router1.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 2::2

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2::2, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 436/656/1040 ms

router1.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 3::3

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 3::3, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 716/913/1284 ms

router1.ipv6s.com#
traceroute ipv6 3::3

Type escape sequence to abort.

Tracing the route to 3::3

  1 1002::2 772 msec 564 msec 284 msec

  2 2003::2 712 msec 856 msec 1008 msec

router1.ipv6s.com#

在router2.ipv6s.com上面ping其它设备上的loopback接口IPv6地址:

router2.ipv6s.com#

router2.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 1::1

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 1::1, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 328/432/564 ms

router2.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 3::3

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 3::3, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 144/392/716 ms

router2.ipv6s.com#

在router3.ipv6s.com上面ping其它设备上的loopback接口IPv6地址:

router3.ipv6s.com#

router3.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 2::2

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 2::2, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 4/122/276 ms

router3.ipv6s.com#
ping ipv6 1::1

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 1::1, timeout is 2 seconds:

!!!!!

Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 148/312/556 ms

router3.ipv6s.com#
traceroute ipv6 1::1

Type escape sequence to abort.

Tracing the route to 1::1

  1 2003::1 188 msec 24 msec 420 msec

  2 1002::1 432 msec 396 msec 216 msec

router3.ipv6s.com#

原创文章,作者:admin,如若转载,请注明出处:https://www.ipv6s.com/basis/routing/20100905510.html

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